free web hosting | free website | Business Hosting | Free Website Submission | shopping cart | php hosting

Indo-European structural mythological kern.

The Basic structural nucleus in mythologies of peoples of Barbarous Europe and related traditions.

The opportunity of exarticulation of the basic structural nucleus in mythologies of ancient peoples requires a scientific substantiation. Really, here there are problems both theoretical, and methodological character.

The Theoretical problem consists in the following. Pagan mythological systems, in comparison with religious, are characterised not only polytheism, but also absence of the unified and rigidly fixed doctrine. The written sources, which have reached us from rather late periods, have kept huge quantity of characters (for example, "one thousand gods Hittite empires"). In this connection, the opportunity of existence of such complete mythological system covering the various cultural worlds sometimes is denied, and the problem is reduced to presence of separate local cults. Here, however, it is necessary to object that pagan mythological systems were not so amorphous and friable as can seem. Their existence was supported by the important factor, which named "preliminary censorship of collective ". On D. Raevsky's ideas in mythological tradition rooting only those forms and samples is possible, "which are functionally suitable for this collective" (D. Raevsky, 1985, 12). Thus, the impossibility to individual imaginations is provided " to break structure of that invariant nucleus which, as a matter of fact, and can be interpreted as mythological system " (In the same place). Nevertheless, it is necessary to take into account specificity of ancient mythological systems. " The more deeply in archaic we mentally leave, the less we find at carriers of the certain cultural tradition skill " to formulate " norms, principles of the culture, to build its theoretical model which has been torn off concrete representations " (In the same place, with. 70). Therefore, it is possible to speak about syncrethic divine images, than about "gods - experts" (which if arose in separate traditions only in later time) faster.

The first Step in understanding of this invariant nucleus is allocation of the steadiest chains of mythological characters on a material of the largest mythological systems of Indo-Europe:

 

function

Greek mythology

Indian mythology

Scandin. mythology

Slav mythology

Balt mythology

Irish mythology

1

sky

Ouranes

Zeus

Varuna

Dyaus

Tyr

Svarog

Dievas

Nuadha

(Teutat)

2

thunder

Zeus

Parjanya

Indra

Thor

Perun

Perkunas

(Taranis)

3

war

Ares

Skanda

Indra

Tyr

Odin

Perun

Perkunas

Nuadha

Morrighan

4

kingship

Zeus

Indra

Odin

Herovit

Perun

Dievas

Perkunas

Nuadha

Lugh

5

earth

Gaia

Prthivi

Erd

Mokos

Zemes- mate

Danu

Brigit

6

fate

Moirae

 

Nornir

Valkyrie

Mokos

Laima,

Dekla,

Karta

triad of Mother-Goddesses

7

goddess of love

Aphrodite

Laksmi

Freyja

Lada

Laima

Aine

8

matrimon

Hera

Savitri

Frigg

Lada

Laima

 

9

natural power

Dionysus

Rudra

Shiva

Freyr

Herovit

Vels

(Potrimpo)

(Cernunnos-Hes)

Dahghda

10

forest,

animals

Pan

Pusan

Rudra

 

Veles

(Puskaits)

(Cernunnos)

11

underworld

Hades

Yama

Varuna

Odin

Hel

Veles

Vels

(Patollo)

Dahghda

Manannan

12

psychopomp

Hermes

Yama

Odin

 

Sovius

 

13

mystery knowledge

Hermes

Visvakarman

Odin

Veles

Vels

Lugh

Oghma

14

sea

Poseidon

Varuna

Eagor

Njord

 

(Autrimps)

Manannan

15

light and

harmony

Apollo

Mitra

Bhaga

Vishnu

Balder

Dazhbog

 

Mac Ok

(Mapon)

16

fire

Hesta

Agni

Loki?

Svarogich

Gabie

 

17

wind

Boreas

Vayu

Njord

Stribog

Vejapats

 

18

moon

 

Soma

Mani

 

Meness

 

19

sun

Helios

Surya

Sol

Hors

Saule

(Belenus)

20

dawn

Eos

Ussas

 

Usen

Ausrine

(Epona)?

21

twins

Dioscuri

Asvinau

   

Sons of Dievas

 

22

god of love

Eros

Kama

 

Lel

 

Mac Ok

23

crafts-manship

Hephaistos

cyclops

Tvastar

dwarfs

Kozma

Demyan

Kalvaitis

Goibhniu

24

medicine

Asclepius

Dhanvantari

   

(Aushauts)

Dian-Cecht

 

Now it is necessary to reduce these numerous chains to possible to smaller quantity archetypic images. The essential contribution to understanding of this problem has brought A. Holan, analysing most extensive mythological material of peoples of Eurasia. His conclusions are published in the book "the Myth and a symbol". Not sharing some of them, it is necessary to tell that the typology of mythological characters Holan, though is not final, has the important value.

Fantalov Alex

CULTURE of BARBAROUS EUROPE: TYPOLOGY of MYTHOLOGICAL IMAGES

Speciality 24.00.01 - the theory and a history of culture

The dissertation on competition of a doctor degree of cultural science

Theories of Mythology.

 

Menu

 

 Contact E-mail: fantalov@lycos.com